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Calm Sea


The law protects the relationship between a patient and a psychotherapist and information cannot be disclosed without written permission.

Exceptions Include:

  • Suspected child abuse or dependent adult or elder abuse, for which I am required by law to report this to the appropriate authorities immediately.

  • If a patient is threatening serious bodily harm to another person/s, I must notify the police and inform the intended victim. Every effort is made to keep the patient safe as well. 

  • If a patient intends to harm himself or herself, I will make every effort to enlist their coorperation in ensuring their safety. If they do not cooperate, I will take further measures without their permission to secure their well-being.

Since Covid-19, teletherapy has become more mainstream and many people like the convenience.  I use a HIPPA-compliant tele-medicine/counseling website that maintains privacy and confidentiality. 

I do not use email, text or any non-secure formats to communcate with patients. 

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